Epithets of Ra

Epithets of Ra
All-Lord
Besouled
Far-Reaching
Far-Striding
Father of All
Father and Mother of All Living Things
Glorious
Great God Who Came into Being of Himself
He of the Horizon
He Who Comes into Being of Himself
King of the Gods
Lord of All the Gods
Lord of the Gods
Lord of the Heavens
Lord of the Horizon
Lord of the Nine Gods
Lord of the Secret Casket Belonging to Aset
Lord of the Sunbeams
Lord of Time
Luminous One
Mighty
One Who Comes into Being
Ruler of the Gods
Shining
Sovereign Who Created the Gods
Strong
Sun as the Sovereign Power in the Horizon
Who Created His Names
Who Gave Commands and the Gods Came into Being
Who Has No Opponent Among the Gods
Who Shines Forth from the Horizon Every Day

Bibliography

Faulkner, R. O. and Ogden Goelet. The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Book of Going Forth By Day. Chronicle Books, 1998. Spell 15, plate 20.

Foster, John. Hymns, Prayers and Songs: An Anthology of Ancient Egyptian Lyric Poetry. Scholars Press, 1995.

Muller, Maya. “Re and Re-Horakhty,” in Ancient Gods Speak: A Guide to Egyptian Religion. edited by Donald Redford. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002, pp.325-328.

Piankoff, Alexandre. Tomb of Ramesses VI: Bollingen I. University of Princeton Press, 1954.

Piankoff, Alexandre. The Shrines of Tut-Ankh-Amun: Bollingen II. University of Princeton Press, 1955.

Pinch, Geraldine. Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Quirke, Stephen. The Cult of Ra: Sun-Worship in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

Roberts, Alison. My Heart My Mother: Death and Rebirth in Ancient Egypt. England: Northgate Publishers, 2000.

Wilkinson, Richard H. The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2003.

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Epithets of Wesir

Epithets of Wesir
Beloved of Nut
Beloved of Ra
Beloved of Your Two Images
Born of Heru-Ra of the Two Horizons
Born the Image of the God of Gods
Brilliant One
Bull of Amenti
Bull of the Two Goddesses
Bull of the West
Dweller in the Underworld
Eldest Born
Enshrouded One
Foremost of Westerners
Foremost of the West
Giver of Years
Gold of Millions
God Above the Heavens
Great God
Great Heir of Geb
Great One Among the Gods
Guide
He at the Head of the West
He Who Awakens Whole at the Head of the Living
He Who Comes into Being in the Dark
He Who is in the God’s Tent
He Who is in the Heart of the Gods
Head of the Western Land
Heir of Geb
Heir of the Two Thrones
Hidden One
Inert One
King of Kings, Lord of Lords
King of the Gods
King of the West Who Commands the Region of Silence
Male One of Amenti
Messenger of Heaven to Earth
Mysterious One
Leader
Lord Worthy of Many Hundreds and Thousands of Praises
Lord of Abydos
Lord of Bounty
Lord of Busiris
Lord of Egypt
Lord of the Ennead
Lord of Eternity
Lord of Fear
Lord of Great Fear and Trembling
Lord of Life
Lord of Love
Lord of Rosetau
Lord of the Assembly
Lord of the Dead
Lord of the Holy Country
Lord of the Holy Land
Lord of the Living
Lord of the Mysteries in the Mysterious Place
Lord of the Pomegranate Nome
Lord of the Royal Crown
Lord of the Sky
Lord of the Ways
Lord of the West
Lord of the White Crown
Lord of Women
Of Many Paths
Of the South
On His Throne
One Beloved of Gods and Goddesses
One Who Inspires Dread in Busiris
One Who is in His Shrine
One Who Places Sokar on His Sledge
Opener of Ways to the Gods
Power of the Gods
Powerful in Abydos
Prince
Prince Great in His Terror
Ram Who Dwells in Busiris
Resplendent One with the White Crown
Ruler of Rulers
Ruler of the Region of Silence
Ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt
Ruler Who is in Abydos
Son of Nut
Soul of Ra
Strong One
Strong One Among the Gods
Sweet Lord
The Terrible
Uniter of Heaven to Earth
Unique God
Veiled One
Virile Infant
Wennefer-Beneficient One
Who Annihilates His Enemies
Who Behold the Two Goddesses United
Who Causes His Shadow Daily in the Land
Who Causes Himself to Come into Being
Who Causes the Inundation
Who Contains in Himself the Mysterious Power of Birth into New Life
Who Destroys the Souls in Revolt Against Him
Whose Heart Palpitates Not
Who is in His Coffin
Who is Unknown to Mankind
Whose Places are Mysterious
Whose Soul Lives
Whose Word Destroys His Enemies
Who Repulses His Enemies


Bibliography

Dennis, James Teackle. Burden of Isis: Being the Laments of Isis and Nephthys. London: J. Murray, 1918.

Foster, John. Hymns, Prayers and Songs: An Anthology of Ancient Egyptian Lyric Poetry. Scholars Press, 1995.

Piankoff, Alexandre. Tomb of Ramesses VI: Bollingen I. University of Princeton Press, 1954.

Piankoff, Alexandre. The Shrines of Tut-Ankh-Amun: Bollingen II. University of Princeton Press, 1955.

Pinch, Geraldine. Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Roberts, Alison. My Heart My Mother: Death and Rebirth in Ancient Egypt. England: Northgate Publishers, 2000.

Wilkinson, Richard H. The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2003.

Personal Epiphany

I am learning throughout this time in my life where I am changing and shedding skin while making way for the new: There is so much more mercy, understanding and forgiveness than I could have possibly hoped for. I have more strength than I ever imagined.

I am loved by more people and spirits and Gods than I ever thought possible–and I am worthy of that love.

I am changing and growing. I am becoming someone new. I am becoming who I am. I am becoming myself.

I am not finished, yet the road is paved for me to walk. I travel on this road to embrace the star that is my soul.

May it become. Kheperu.

Hail the Gods and Goddesses of Egypt! Hail the Gods and Goddesses of Greece!

Wesir: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Wesir (also Asar; Greek: Osiris)

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Pasta
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, cedar
Flowers: Red roses, roses, plants of various hues
Light: green candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Green; Black
Jewelry: Silver,

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood
sand
lettuce

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Bull
Ram
Dogs, Jackals

Sacred Symbols
Moon
Sun at Night
Sah (Orion)
Nile
Green plants; Vegetation
Udjat Eye
Crook and Flail
Djed Pillar

Syncretisms
Ra-Wesir
Sobek-Wesir
Wesir-Apis
Wesir-Ra
Wesir-Sobek

Sources

Griffiths, J. Gwyn. The Origins of Osiris and His Cult. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1980.

Clark, R. T. Rundle. Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1959.

Zecchi, Marco. “Osiris in the Fayyum.” Fayyum Studies: Volume 2. Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, ed. (Ante Quem and Dipartimento di Archeologia dell’Università di Bologna, 2006), pp. 117-145.

This Website: Wepwawet Wiki: Wesir

Sobek: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Sobek (also Sebek)

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, sandalwood
Flowers: Red roses,
Light: green candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Green; Blue
Jewelry: Gold, solar colors

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Crocodile

Sacred Symbols
Sun
Nile
Green plants
Udjat Eye

Specialized Form
Soknopais (Sobek of the Nile)

Syncretisms
Sobek-Heru
Sobek-Ra
Sobek-Wesir

Sources

Quirke, Stephen. The Cult of Ra: Sun-Worship in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

Widmer, Ghislaine. “On Egyptian Religion at Soknopaiou Nesos in the Roman Period,” in Tebtynis und Soknopaiu Nesos. Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum. Sandra Lippert. Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005, pp. 171-184.

Zecchi, Marco. “Osiris in the Fayyum.” Fayyum Studies: Volume 2. Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, ed. (Ante Quem and Dipartimento di Archeologia dell’Università di Bologna, 2006), pp. 117-145.

Heru-sa-Aset: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Heru-sa-Aset: (Greek: Harsiese; Horus son of Isis)-

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Milk
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate; chocolate with nuts

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, Kapet (Kyphi)
Flowers: Roses, blue flowers
Light: Blue candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Blue,
Jewelry: Gold, solar colors; silver, bronze

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Falcon
Hawk
Bull
Lion

Sacred Symbols
Udjat Eye
Moon
Sun

Aspects
Heru pa Khered: (Greek: Harpocrates; Horus the Child)
Heru nedj itef: (Greek: Harendotes; Horus, Savior of His Father)

Syncretisms
Min-Heru
Sobek-Heru