References about the Goddess Athena

Primary Sources

Hesiod. Works and Days; and Theogony. Translated by Stanley Lombardo. Hackett Publishing Company, 1993.

Homer. The Homeric Hymns: A Translation, with Introduction and Notes. translated by Diane Rayor. University of California Press, 2004.

The Orphic Hymns. trans. By Apostolos N. Athanassakis. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Pausanias. Description of Greece: Books 1-2. translated by W. H. S. Jones. (Loeb Classical Library, 1918; Harvard University Press, reprint.

Secondary Sources

Jenifer Neils, ed. Worshiping Athena: Panathenaia and Parthenon. University of Wisconsin Press, 1996.

Connelly, Joan Breton. Portrait of a Priestess: Women and Ritual in Ancient Greece. Princeton University Press, 2007.

Deacy, Susan. Athena. Routledge, 2008.

Kerenyi, Karl. Athene: Virgin and Mother in Greek Religion. Translated by Murray Stein. Spring Publications, 1988.

Lefkowitz, Mary R. and Maureen B. Fant. Women’s Life in Greece and Rome: A Sourcebook in Translation. John Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Nilsson, Martin. Greek Folk Religion. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1981.

Furley, William D. and Jan Maarten Bremer. Greek Hymns: Selected Cult Songs from the Archaic to the Hellenistic Period. Mohr Siebeck, 2001.

Parke, H. W. Festivals of the Athenians. London: Thames and Hudson, 1977.


Kinsley, David. “Athena, Goddess of Culture and Civilization,” in The Goddesses’ Mirror: Visions of the Divine from East to West. New York: State University of New York Press, 1989, pp. 139-164.

Modern Hellenic Polytheism

Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. Nysa Press, 2009.

Winter, Sarah Kate Istra. Kharis: Hellenic Polytheism Explored. Createspace, 2008.

Online Sources

Theoi Project-Athena
An extensive website with all the ancient sources for each deity on the website. This site has myths, literature and cult information for each deity or spirit including Athena.

The Shrine to the Goddess Athena
This website is a great resource to the Hellenic Goddess Athena, Goddess of wisdom, war, crafts and knowledge.

Neos Alexandria-Athena
A Graeco-Egyptian syncretic polytheist group. They publish many devotionals for Egyptian, Greek, Roman and even Sumerian and Canaanite deities. This is the page about Athena on their website.