Updates on Projects

In case you missed it, I have published Magician, Mother and Queen.

I have finished and am preparing to publish another poetry book. The title of this now is Divine Words, Divine Praise:  Poetry of the Holy Powers.  I have sent it in to the formatters.

I have sent in the permissions for Lady of the Sky: Ancient Hymns of the Goddess Aset from the Temple of Dendera.  We’ll see what they say.  I’m still waiting.

I have been compiling all the material for this book She Who Speaks Through Silence:  An Anthology of Nebet Het (Nephthys).  I am still waiting on some submissions. 

I am compiling a compilation of scholarly papers I wrote in Graduate school (and afterward) about various goddesses, Orishas and a saint (Mary); and I have one other essay about women’s healing and talismanry (I know it doesn’t fit, but I have no idea where else I could publish it.  I may take it out and publish it by itself. I’m not sure.).   I’m thinking of making this into another book.  My working title is Holy Lady, Holy Queen:  Papers on the Feminine Divine.

 

 

Aset and Roses

Roses themselves were introduced to Egypt via the Greeks and Romans. The Goddess Aphrodite (or Venus) was born from the sea-foam and during her birth, a white rose was formed from the waves. This is why it is associated with the Goddess. When Aphrodite’s lover Adonis died, She cried and the white rose became red with his blood. And this is why red roses are associated with the Goddess.

Aset (Isis)’s worship became greatly linked to Aphrodite so much so that there was a syncretic deity Isis-Aphrodite within the Ptolemaic period. Aset as a mourning Goddess would also be associated with the red rose. There are also festivals associated with both Goddesses called Rhodophoria or Rosalia which are associated with offering roses to the Goddesses. (Here is my previous post on that: Rhodophoria/Rosalia Festival).

Sources

Forrest, M. Isidora. Offering to Isis: Knowing the Goddess Through Her Sacred Symbols. St. Paul: Llewellyn Publications, 2005. (Rose entry: page 258-259)

J. Gwyn Griffiths, Apuleius of Madaurus: The Isis-Book: (Metamorphoses, Book XI) (Brill, 1975), pp 39; 159–161.

Perpillou-Thomas, Francoise. Fêtes d’Egypte ptolémaïque et romaine, d’après la documentation papyrologique grecque. (Studia Hellenistica Series 31). Peeters Publishers, 1993.

Reminder: Festivals of Aset for January

2 Peret/Mechir/January

1 to 30-Sacred Month to Aset
1 to 8-Feast of Aset
2 of January-Advent of Isis from Phoenicia
3 of January-Vota Publica
6-Feast of Aset, the Mourning Cow/Black Cow
12 to 25-Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria
16-Awakening of Aset by the Majesty of Ra
20-Procession of the Goddess of Heaven Goes South to the Road
26-Aset Sees the Beautiful Face

Here is my previous post about the Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria: Rhodophoria/Rosalia Festival

Veiling in Pagan Religions

Here is a great Patheos article on veiling in Paganism: Veiling: A Different Take On Pagan Womanhood

Here is another pagan article on veiling: Covered: the Pagan Veiling Controversy

Galina Krasskova’s article on veiling: Pagan Blog Project: V is for Veiling (1)

Another article dealing with veiling and modesty: With All Due Modesty (NSFW)

Here is another post about veiling: 10 Reasons I wear a Veil

Here is an entire blog about Veiled Pagans: Covered in Light

Rhodophoria/Rosalia Festival

Rhodophoria “Bearer of Roses” or Rosalia festivals were ancient Greek and Roman festivals to honor the dead, the military dead and various deities. It was also a spring festival about fertility and flowers so many Goddesses were honored during this time such as Aphrodite, Venus, Hathor, Aset, Isis and Isis-Aphrodite.

Some scholars think that a garland of roses may have been religiously associated with the Crown of Victory given to Wesir after his victory over death in the afterlife. Even though this was initially given to Heru, it was transferred to Wesir. Other gods associated with this festival are Heru and Ra. Other ways this occasion was celebrated was victory triumphing over enemies or protecting from harmful forces. During the Ptolemaic Period and later, the festival became more affiliated with Wesir’s mythos.

A long Rhodophoria festival (lasting 13 days) is listed on the Temple Festival Calendar of Soknopaiou Nesos which was dedicated to the crocodile God Sobek and Aset as both Aset/Isis Nepherses (with the Beautiful Throne) and Nephremmis (of the Beautiful Arms).

Wikipedia mentions that the dates to celebrate can last from May through July. If one were to move the start of the Ancient Egyptian calendar to another month (besides August–which is what I have done here) then the months would change (Mechir would be in February instead of January for instance).

Possible Dates to Celebrate:


2 Peret/Mechir/January

12 to 24-Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria

3 Peret/Pamenot/February
16 to 28-Rhodophoria

1 Shomu/Pachons/April
26-Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria

2 Shomu/Payni/May

May 9-13
Rhodophoria/Rosalia

May 13
Rhodophoria/Rosalia

May 31-June 1
Rhodophoria/Rosalia

Activities for this Festival

*Honor a God or Goddess associated with this festival
*Offer red roses on the shrine to the deity and/or the dead
*Make garlands of roses to put in your hair or drape around the shrine
*Offer red roses to the military or warrior dead in a shrine or at a graveyard

Other Posts about Rhodophoria from a few Years Back

From the House of Vines: Do You Want to Celebrate the Rhodophoria with Us?

A recap of rituals and posts from the House of Vines: Rhodophoria Recap

Sources:

J. Gwyn Griffiths. Apuleius of Madaurus: The Isis-Book: (Metamorphoses, Book XI) (Brill, 1975), pp 159–161.

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 142. 13 days.

Thomas-Perpillou, Francoise. Studia Hellenistica, Issue 31. (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1993), 127. From the Papyrus of Oxyrhynchos LII 3694. 12 day festival.

Hekster, Olivier. Rome and its Empire, AD 193-284. (Edinburgh University Press, 2008), 128. From the Feridale Duranum Calendar from the reign of Severus Alexander.

Wikipedia entry: Rosalia Festival

Aphrodite’s Epithets

Aligena (Sea Born)
Ambologera (She Who Postpones Old Age)
Anaduomene (Rising from the Sea)
Androphonos (Killer of Men)
Anosia (Unholy)
Apatouros (Deceptive One)
Apostrophia (She Who Turns Herself Away)
Apostrophia (Averter of Unlawful Desires)
Areia (Warlike; of Ares)
Basilis (Queen)
Dôritis (Bountiful)
Eleemon (Merciful)
Enoplios (Bearing Weapons)
Epipontia (On the Sea)
Epistrophia (She Who Turns to Love)
Epitragidia (She Upon the Buck)
Epitumbidia (She Upon the Graves)
Euplois (Fair Sailing)
Euploia (Fair Voyage)
Genetullis (Genetrix)
Heteira (Courtesan)
Hera (of Hera; of Marriage)
Hôplismenê (Armed)
Kallipugos (of the Beautiful Buttocks)
Kallisti (the Fairest)
Kataskopia (Spying; Peeping)
Khruse (Golden)
Kupris (Cyprian)
Kuprogenes (Cyprus-born)
Kuthereia (Kytherean)
Limenia (of the Harbor)
Makhanitis (Deviser; Contriver)
Mechanitis (Skilled in Inventing)
Melainis (Black)
Migôntis (Marital Union)
Morpho (Shapely Form)
Nikêphoros (Bringer of Victory)
Nymphia (Bridal)
Ourania (Heavenly)
Pandemos (of All People)
Pasiphaessa (the Far-Shining)
Pelagia (of the Sea)
Philomeides (Laughter-Loving)
Porne (Fleshy; Prostitute)
Potnia (of the Sea)
Praxis (Action; Sexual)
Psithyristês (Whispering)
Skotia (Dark)
Suriê theos-Syrian Goddess
Summakhia (Ally in War)
Symmakhia (Ally in Love)
Tumborukhos (Gravedigger)
Xenia (of the Foreigner)

Homeric Epithets
Kythereia (of Cytherea Island)
Kyprogenês (Born in Cyprus)
Kyprogeneia (Born in Cyprus)
Kypris (of Cyprus)
Paphia (of Paphos in Cyprus)
Paphiê (of Paphos in Cyprus)
Diôniaia (Daughter of Dione)

Homeric Epithets 2
Aphrogeneia (Foam-Born)
Aphrogenês (Foam-Born)
Dia (Divine; Shining)
Dios thugatêr (Daughter of Zeus)
Eustephanos (Richly-Crowned; Well-Girdled)
Khryseê (Golden)
Philommeidês (Laughter-Loving)
Philomeidês (Laughter-Loving)
Philommedes (Genital Loving)
Pothôn Mêtêr (Mother of Desire)

English Epithets for Aphrodite
Mistress of Animals

Cult and Festival Terms
Aphrodision (Temple of Aphrodite)
Aphrodisia (Festival of Aphrodite)
Adônia (Festival of Adonis and Aphrodite)
Hystêria (Festival of the Swine)
Anagôgia (Festival of Embarkation)

Source

Theoi.com: Aphrodite Titles

Aphrodite at Neos Alexandria

Burkett, Walter. Greek Religion. John Raffan, trans. Harvard University Press, 1985.

Cyrino, Monica S.  Aphrodite. (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World Series).  Routledge, 2010.

Isis, Greek and Roman Epithets

Adrasteia-Inescapable; Goddess of Righteous Anger
Agathe Tyche or Eutyche-Good Fortune
Aigyptia-the Egyptian
Augusta-Exalted One
Domina-Mistress
Epeekos-She Who Hearkens
Educatrix-Nurse
Euploia-Fair Voyage
Fortuna-Fortune
Hygieia-Healer/Health
Hydria-Water
Invicta-Unconquered
Karpophoros-Who Produces the Fruit of the Land
Karpotokos-Dispenser of Wealth
Kourotrophos-Midwife
Kuria-Sovereign
Lactans-Nursing
Medica-Healer
Megale-Great
Megiste-Very Great
Melaenis-Black or Dark One
Myrionymus-She of Countless Names
Mystis-She Who Initiates
Mysteria-Mysterious One
Nemesis-Divine Justice/Vengeance
Nepherses-of the Beautiful Throne
Nephremmis-of the Beautiful Arms
Panagia-All Holy
Panbasileia-All Ruling
Panthea-All Goddess
Pantocrateira-Almighty
Pantokrator-All Ruling; All Powerful
Pelagia-Of the Sea
Pharia-of Pharos Lighthouse
Phosphoros-Light Bringer
Ploutodoteira-Who Gives Wealth
Polonymos-She of Countless Names
Polymorphos-Many Formed
Protogeneia-First Born
Psychopompos-Soul Guide
Regina-Queen
Regina Caeli-Queen of Heaven
Soteira-Savoir
Stella Maris-Star of the Sea
Theotokos-God Bearer
Thesmophorus-Law Giver
Triumphalis-War Goddess of Trumpets
Tyche-Fortune
Victrix-Conqueror

English Epithets
Almighty
Great Goddess
Lady
Mistress
Mistress of All Things Forever
Mistress of the Sea
Protectress of Sailors
Queen
Supremely Powerful Goddess
Whose Eye Sees Everything Everywhere on the Face of Land and Sea

Isis-Aphrodite

Born by Uranus, the Son of Night on the Gleaming Waves of the Sea
Fire of Hades
The Underworld’s Wedding Song
Loves of the Goddess Cyprus

Cult Centers
Alexandrine-Alexandria
Memphitis-of Memphis
Tachnepsis-
Taposirias-of Abusir
Esenchebis-in Chembis

Sources

Bricault, Laurent. Les Cultes Isiaques Dans Le Monde Greco-romain (La Roue a Livres / Documents Book 66). Les Belles Lettres, 2013. (page 295 for Esenchebis)

Britcault, Laurent. “Isis Nepherses” in Egyptian Religion: The Last Thousand Years Part 1. edited by Willy Clarysse, Antoon Schoors and Harco Willems. Peeters, 1998.

Bricault, Laurent. “Du nom des images d’Isis polymorphe.” C. Bonnet, J. Rüpke et P. Scarpi (éd.), Religions orientales-culti misterici. Neue Perspektiven-nouvelles perspectives-prospettive nuove (2006): 75-94.

Bricault, Laurent. Isis, dame des flots. Volume 7 Ægyptiaca Leodiensia. C.I.P.L, 2006. page 13

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

Cyrino, Monica S.  Aphrodite. (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World Series).  Routledge, 2010.

Donalson, Malcolm Drew. The Cult of Isis in the Roman Empire: Isis Invicta. New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 2003.

Dunand, Francoise. Isis, Mere Des Dieux. Babel Actes Sud, 2008. pages 151 and 154.

Fideler, David R. Alexandria Vol 3: The Journal of Western Cosmological Traditions. (Phanes Press, 1995), 58 and 65.

Witt, Reginald Eldred. Isis in the Ancient World.
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Theoi.com: Demeter