Offerings for the Goddess Athena

Offerings of Athena

Some of these offerings are from historical sources and others are from my personal experience with the Goddess.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Milk
Oil (Olive Oil)
Wine
Honey

Food Offerings
Bread
Cakes
Grains
Fruit
Olives

Meat Offerings
Various kinds of Meat
Fish

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: Aromatic or Sweet-Smelling Herbs; Myrrh
Light: Oil Lamp; White or Blue Candles
Colors: Blue, Sea colors
Flowers: Roses, Sweet Smelling Flowers

Taboos
Things or events that would cause miasma.

Sources

Homer. The Homeric Hymns: A Translation, with Introduction and Notes. translated by Diane Rayor. University of California Press, 2004.

The Orphic Hymns. trans. By Apostolos N. Athanassakis. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013.

Connelly, Joan Breton. Portrait of a Priestess: Women and Ritual in Ancient Greece. (Princeton University Press, 2007) 180.

Shrine of the Goddess Athena

Neos Alexandria: Athena

Theoi.com: Athena

Wesir: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Wesir (also Asar; Greek: Osiris)

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Pasta
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, cedar
Flowers: Red roses, roses, plants of various hues
Light: green candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Green; Black
Jewelry: Silver,

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood
sand
lettuce

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Bull
Ram
Dogs, Jackals

Sacred Symbols
Moon
Sun at Night
Sah (Orion)
Nile
Green plants; Vegetation
Udjat Eye
Crook and Flail
Djed Pillar

Syncretisms
Ra-Wesir
Sobek-Wesir
Wesir-Apis
Wesir-Ra
Wesir-Sobek

Sources

Griffiths, J. Gwyn. The Origins of Osiris and His Cult. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1980.

Clark, R. T. Rundle. Myth and Symbol in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1959.

Zecchi, Marco. “Osiris in the Fayyum.” Fayyum Studies: Volume 2. Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, ed. (Ante Quem and Dipartimento di Archeologia dell’Università di Bologna, 2006), pp. 117-145.

This Website: Wepwawet Wiki: Wesir

Sobek: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Sobek (also Sebek)

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, sandalwood
Flowers: Red roses,
Light: green candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Green; Blue
Jewelry: Gold, solar colors

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Crocodile

Sacred Symbols
Sun
Nile
Green plants
Udjat Eye

Specialized Form
Soknopais (Sobek of the Nile)

Syncretisms
Sobek-Heru
Sobek-Ra
Sobek-Wesir

Sources

Quirke, Stephen. The Cult of Ra: Sun-Worship in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

Widmer, Ghislaine. “On Egyptian Religion at Soknopaiou Nesos in the Roman Period,” in Tebtynis und Soknopaiu Nesos. Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum. Sandra Lippert. Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005, pp. 171-184.

Zecchi, Marco. “Osiris in the Fayyum.” Fayyum Studies: Volume 2. Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, ed. (Ante Quem and Dipartimento di Archeologia dell’Università di Bologna, 2006), pp. 117-145.

Heru-sa-Aset: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Heru-sa-Aset: (Greek: Harsiese; Horus son of Isis)-

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Milk
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate; chocolate with nuts

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, Kapet (Kyphi)
Flowers: Roses, blue flowers
Light: Blue candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Blue,
Jewelry: Gold, solar colors; silver, bronze

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Falcon
Hawk
Bull
Lion

Sacred Symbols
Udjat Eye
Moon
Sun

Aspects
Heru pa Khered: (Greek: Harpocrates; Horus the Child)
Heru nedj itef: (Greek: Harendotes; Horus, Savior of His Father)

Syncretisms
Min-Heru
Sobek-Heru

Offerings and Symbols of Ra

Offerings to Ra

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Orange Juice
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Fruits and Vegetables
Oranges, Apples
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, sandalwood
Flowers: Yellow, Orange or Red Roses, Sunflowers, Yellow or Red flowers, Water lilies, lotus
Light: yellow, red, gold or orange candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Red, Orange and Yellow; White
Jewelry: Gold, solar colors

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood
ram

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Falcon
Hawk
White Heron/Bennu Bird
Cat
Bull
Ram (as Ra-Atum or Ra-Wesir)

Sacred Symbols
Sun
His Barque
Pyramids
Obelisks
The Bennu Bird (White Heron; Phoenix)

Syncretisms
Amun-Ra
Atum-Ra
Khepera-Ra
Khepera-Ra-Atum (Dawn, Noon, Dusk)
Khnum-Ra
Nefertem-Ra
Ra-Atum
Ra-Heruakhety (Ra Horakhty; Ra and Horus of the Two Horizons)
Ra-Wesir
Sobek-Ra
Wesir-Ra

Sources

Quirke, Stephen. The Cult of Ra: Sun-Worship in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

This Website: Wepwawet Wiki: Ra

Bast-Mut: About and Offerings

Bast means “she of the ointment jar” or “devouring lady” (1). She is a lioness goddess of protection, the sun, the home and an Eye of Ra. She was the fierce lioness in some myths of the Distant Goddess. Later in the Greco-Roman Period, Bast became depicted as a domestic cat.

She was honored with her consort Ra-Atum (or Atum-Ra) and her sons Heru-Hekenu (Horus of Praises) and Ma’ahes (Mihos) at her Temple of Per-Bast (Bubastis). In Memphis, her consort was Ptah and her son was Nefertem. As the syncretic Goddess Bast-Mut, her consort was Amun-Ra and her son was Khonsu.

Bast’s syncretic forms are Bast-Mut and Sekhmet-Bast.

To learn more about Bast go to these websites Per Bast and the wikipedia entry here Bast Wiki Entry.

There is also a book about Bast called Bast, Cat Goddess of Ancient Egypt by Linda Illes. Just a note, the author does not cite sources.

And here is a great song to Bast by Catfolk: Bast Within and ShefytBast’s songs to Bast here: Songs to the Netjeru.

Offerings to Bast-Mut

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Red Wine (Cabernet Sauvignon; Pomegranate-Wine)
Milk
Mead
Tea

Food Offerings
Beef
Chicken
Duck
Red Meat
Pastries
Chocolate
Vegetables
Fruit
Bread

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: Sandalwood, Cinnamon, Jasmine, Vanilla
Light: Red or gold candles
Colors: Red, White or Purple (especially as Bast-Mut); Green and Gold as well.
Flowers: Red Roses, flowers in general

Taboos
None.

Sources

1) Siuda, Tamara. The Ancient Egyptian Prayerbook. Stargazer Design, 2009. page 62.

Pinch, Geraldine. Egyptian Mythology: A Guide to the Gods, Goddesses and Traditions of Ancient Egypt. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Joyce Tyldesley. The Penguin Book of Myths and Legends of Ancient Egypt. (Penguin 2011), 196-197.

Golden of the Valley, Lapis of the River
This is Shefyt’s blog which is dedicated to Bast.

Bast Wiki Entry
The Bast entry at the Wepwawet-Wiki.