Aset, Auset, Isis, Isidora Forrest, Links, Sobek, Sebek

Link: Isis, Lady of Crocodiles

Isidora Forrest, Priestess and author of Isis Magic and Offerings to Isis has a post about Aset (Isis) and crocodiles including the God Sobek. The second edition of Isis Magic is available here Isis Magic

Here is the post on the blog: Isis, Lady of Crododiles

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Offerings and Symbols, Sobek, Sebek

Sobek: Offerings and Symbols

Offerings to Sobek (also Sebek)

Some of these are attested in ancient sources while others come from my own (or other people’s) personal experience giving offerings to the God.

Liquid Offerings
Water
Beer
Pomegranate-Wine
Wine
Coffee
Tea

Food Offerings
Bread and Barley
Fruits and Vegetables
Figs
Dates
Fig Newtons
Pastries; cookies and cakes
chocolate

Meat Offerings
chicken or duck
beef

Non-Food Offerings
Scents: myrrh, frankincense, sandalwood
Flowers: Red roses,
Light: green candles; beeswax candles; lanterns
Colors: Green; Blue
Jewelry: Gold, solar colors

Taboos
pork
fish; any seafood

Disposal of Offerings
1) Eat them
2) With wine or water, you can leave it to evaporate on the Shrine or pour it out as a libation when done.

Sacred Animals
Crocodile

Sacred Symbols
Sun
Nile
Green plants
Udjat Eye

Specialized Form
Soknopais (Sobek, Lord of the Island)

Syncretisms
Sobek-Heru
Sobek-Ra
Sobek-Wesir

Sources

Quirke, Stephen. The Cult of Ra: Sun-Worship in Ancient Egypt. New York: Thames and Hudson, 2001.

Widmer, Ghislaine. “On Egyptian Religion at Soknopaiou Nesos in the Roman Period,” in Tebtynis und Soknopaiu Nesos. Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum. Sandra Lippert. Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005, pp. 171-184.

Zecchi, Marco. “Osiris in the Fayyum.” Fayyum Studies: Volume 2. Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, ed. (Ante Quem and Dipartimento di Archeologia dell’Università di Bologna, 2006), pp. 117-145.

Calendar, Festivals, Sobek, Sebek

More Festivals of Sobek

With the Lunar festivals, I don’t know if it starts on the New or Full moons. So I put both. I will find a definitive source at a later date.

1st Akhet/Thoth/August
1-Appearance of Sobek, Lord of Ombos
6-Feast of Sobek
10-Feast of Sobek
11-Festival of Sobek Shedety
12-Feasst of Sobek
18-Feast of Sobek-Ra
20-Feast of Aset-Renenutet, Sobek and Heru-sa-Aset

2nd Akhet/Paopi/September
2-Procession of Sobek to see His Mother Nit
3-Appearance of Sobek, Lord of Ombos

3rd Akhet/Hethara/October
7 to 25-Birth of Sobek, the Great God (19 days)
18-Strife of the Children of Geb

4th Akhet/Koiak/November
1 to 6-Procession of Sobek, Chief of Summenu, Son of Geb
4-Feast of Sobek

1 Peret/Tybi/December
3-Appearance of Sobek, Lord of Ombos
8 to 14-Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the God Sobek (7 days)

2 Peret/Mechir/January
10: Birthday of Sobek
11-Procession of Sobek

3 Peret/Pamenot/February
2 to 9-Festival of the Foundation of the Enclosure of the Great God Sobek (7 days)

4 Peret/Parmuthi/March
20-Appearance of Sobek

1 Shomu/Pachons/April
New or Full Moon-Feast of Sobek
20-Feast of Aset-Renenutet, Sobek and Heru-sa-Aset

2 Shomu/Payni/May
21 to 27-Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the God Sobek (7 days)

3 Shomu/Epiphi/June
New or Full Moon-Festival of Sobek
2 to 9-Festival of Sobek/Soucheia
20 to 26-Festival of Sobek/Socheia (7 days)

4 Shomu/Mesore/July
27-Birthday of Sobek

Sources

Britcault, Laurent. “Isis Nepherses” in Egyptian Religion: The Last Thousand Years Part 1: Studies Dedicated to the Memory of Jan Quaegebeur. edited by Willy Clarysse, Antoon Schoors and Harco Willems. Peeters, 1998, pp. 522-527.

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

El-Sabban, Sherif. Temple Festival Calendars of Ancient Egypt. Wiltshire: Liverpool University Press, 2000.

Perpillou-Thomas, Francoise. Fêtes d’Egypte ptolémaïque et romaine, d’après la documentation papyrologique grecque. (Studia Hellenistica Series 31). Peeters Publishers, 1993.

Siuda, Tamara. The Ancient Egyptian Prayerbook. Illinois: Stargazer Design, 2009.

Vanderlip, Vera Frederika. The Four Greek Hymns of Isidorus and the Cult of Isis. Canada: A. K. Hakkert, 1972. There are two festivals listed for Aset/Isis in the Third Greek Hymn of to Isis-Hermouthis by Isidoros.

Widmer, Ghislaine. “On Egyptian Religion at Soknopaiou Nesos in the Roman Period,” in Tebtynis und Soknopaiu Nesos. Leben im römerzeitlichen Fajum. Sandra Lippert. Harrassowitz Verlag, 2005, pp. 171-184.

Zecchi, Marco. Sobek of Shedet. The crocodile god in the Fayyum in the Dynastic Period. Tau, 2010. (page 129)

Sobekemiti’s website: Per Sobek: Fixed Kemetic Calendar

Articles, Aset, Auset, Isis, Devotional Practice, Festivals, Sarapis, Sobek, Sebek

Proskynema for Aset

A proskynema is translated as “adoration” of a deity. On the Temple of Philae pilgrims left notes of when they had done a proskynema to the Goddess Aset. There is even a few papyri fragments which stated that Sarapis and Sobek were offered proskynema in one’s household (1).

Prosykensis
is a Greek word for adoration. These are sacred gestures meant to honor the Gods. These would be hand gestures done for the Hellenic deities or the Egyptian ones such as raising your palms to the sky for the Olympians or to the ground for the Deities or the Underworld or your palms facing the image of a deity. Or this would be a henu or dua gesture for the Egyptian deities as well as full prostration before the holy image or shrine (2).

This may also be in the context of a ritual where words were spoken, a gesture was performed and an offering was given. In some cases, this was every day so the offering would be something easily accessible such as wine or water or fruit or a grain such as bread or barley (3).

There are a few of these festivals that I know of so far. They are also listed on my festivals page here: Aset Festivals.

3 Peret/Pamenot/February
29-Adoration of Aset of the Many Names/Proskynema

4 Peret/Parmuthi/March
9 of March-Adoration of Aset, the very Great Goddess, Sovereign and Savior/Proskynema

In the descriptions of these events we have some epithets of the Goddess Aset. In one of them Aset is of the Many Names and this describes Her as a Goddess of many names and forms and epithets. You could honor Aset as a shapeshifter or recite a hymn with Her many epithets or aspects or forms mentioned like chapter 142 of the Book of the Dead or if you are more Classically inclined one of the Aretalogies.

In the next one Aset is honored as Aset, the very Great Goddess, Sovereign and Savior. Here She is described as supreme Goddess who is a Sovereign Queen and one who is a savior to Her people. She aids those who call upon Her. So you could honor Aset as a Great Lady with immense power and sovereignty. She is the one who saves those who call upon Her. She is the savior Goddess par excellence.

She did not stop searching for Her husband and She never stopped caring for Her son. And Her son stands in for everyone. Think about that a minute. She will aid and protect you as fiercely and as compassionately as She would Her son Heru. She is the single Mother who cares for millions.

Adoration to Aset. Homage to Aset.

May I bow before You in adoration and praise.

Sources

(1) Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. (Nysa Press, 2009), 39-40.

(2) Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. (Nysa Press, 2009), 141-142.

(3) Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. (Nysa Press, 2009), 39-40.

Aset, Auset, Isis, Festivals, Isis-Aphrodite, Rhodophoria, Sobek, Sebek

Reminder: Festivals of Aset for January

2 Peret/Mechir/January

1 to 30-Sacred Month to Aset
1 to 8-Feast of Aset
2 of January-Advent of Isis from Phoenicia
3 of January-Vota Publica
6-Feast of Aset, the Mourning Cow/Black Cow
12 to 25-Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria
16-Awakening of Aset by the Majesty of Ra
20-Procession of the Goddess of Heaven Goes South to the Road
26-Aset Sees the Beautiful Face

Here is my previous post about the Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria: Rhodophoria/Rosalia Festival

Articles, Aset, Auset, Isis, Heru-sa-Aset, Horus son of Isis, Sobek, Sebek, Wesir, Asar, Ausar, Osiris

Aset in the Fayyum

Wesir and Aset were honored in the Fayyum as early as the Middle Kingdom and continued through the New Kingdom, Late Period, and Greco-Roman period. Wesir, Aset and Sobek-Heru were honored here as the “Osirian triad” of this region.

The Wilbour papyrus from the XX dynasty mentions a small chapel or temple to Aset called “Per Aset, Mut Netjer” or “House of Aset, Mother of God.” One of Her epithets here was “Aset, the Great, Mother of God.” She was honored here as the mother of Sobek/Heru-sa-Aset and the wife of Wesir.

Sobek was identified with Heru-sa-Aset (as Sobek-Heru or Heru-Sobek) since at least the XII dynasty. There is also evidence for a syncretic deity Sobek-Wesir (Sobek-Osiris) who took the form of a mummified crocodile. There is also a syncretic form of Sobek-Ra-Wesir.

Wesir here is associated with the willow for his regenerative powers via vegetation and for containing his body as his coffin. This may have been a part of the Aset’s mourning for Wesir festivals recorded here. In the Book of the Fayyum it mentions, “Wesir, Foremost of the Land of the Lake, Who comes from Herakleopolis, guided on his path by his sister Aset.”

Aset was also honored at the Soknopaiou Nesos Temple in the Fayyum with the epithets Aset Nepherses (with the Beautiful Throne) and Nephremmis (of the Beautiful Arms). Along with Sobek, She was honored with Heru-sa-Aset and Wesir. She has a couple festivals listed at this temple.

1st Akhet/Thoth/August
19-Procession and Purification of Aset, of the Beautiful Arms (Isis Nephremmis) and Heru-sa-Aset (Harpokrates)

3rd Akhet/Hethara/October
17 to 20-Festival of Aset, with the Beautiful Throne (Isis Nepherses)

4th Akhet/Koiak/November
8 to 17-Festival of the Marriage of Aset, with the Beautiful Throne (Isis Nepherses), the Great Goddess

1 Peret/Tybi/December
1-Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the Goddess Aset, of the Beautiful Arms (Isis Nephremmis), the Great

2 Peret/Mechir/January
12 to 24-Festival of Roses/Rhodophoria

3 Shomu/Epiphi/June to 4 Shomu/Mesore/July
26 of 3 Shomu to 15 of 4 Shomu-Festival of the Birth of Aset, with the Beautiful Throne (Isis Nepherses), the Great Goddess

4 Shomu/Mesore/July
26 of 4 Shomu to 4 of Extra Days-Festival of the Foundation of the Temple

At Medinat Medi, Aset-Renenutet was honored alongside Sobek and Heru-sa-Aset. Within the Third Greek Hymn of Isidoros, there are two festivals mentioned: 20 of Pachons and Thoth. The hymn mentions to give the gods libations, offerings and sacrifices.

1st Akhet/Thoth/August
20-Feast of Aset-Renenutet, Sobek and Heru-sa-Aset

1 Shomu/Pachons/April
20-Feast of Aset-Renenutet, Sobek and Heru-sa-Aset

Sources

Britcault, Laurent. “Isis Nepherses” in Egyptian Religion: The Last Thousand Years Part 1: Studies Dedicated to the Memory of Jan Quaegebeur. edited by Willy Clarysse, Antoon Schoors and Harco Willems. (Peeters, 1998), 522-527.

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

Vanderlip, Vera Frederika. The Four Greek Hymns of Isidorus and the Cult of Isis. Canada: A. K. Hakkert, 1972.

Zecchi, Marco. “Osiris in the Fayyum.” Fayyum Studies: Volume 2. Sergio Pernigotti and Marco Zecchi, ed. Ante Quem and Dipartimento di Archeologia dell’Università di Bologna, 2006.
pages 122-124; 126-127; 131; 132-133; 133-134; 136;

Calendar, Festivals, Sobek, Sebek, Uncategorized

Sobek’s Festivals Again

Here are the Sobek Festivals I have found in these sources. I’m including the Sobek festivals I’ve posted previously from the Soknopaiou Nesos Temple in the Faiyum.

Thank you to Sobekemiti for the Sobek Shedety festival!

11 Thoth (1 Akhet)
Festival of Sobek Shedety

7 Hathyr (3 Akhet)
Birth of Sobek, the Great God (19 days)

8 Tybi (1 Peret)
Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the God Sobek (7 days)

2 Phamenoth (3 Peret)
Festival of the Foundation of the Enclosure of the Great God Sobek (7 days)

21 Payni (2 Shomu)
Festival of the Foundation of the Temple of the God Sobek (7 days)

2 to 9 Epiphi (3 Shomu)
Festival of Sobek/Soucheia

20 of Epiphi (3 Shomu)
Festival of Sobek/Socheia (7 days)

Source:

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

Link:
Article Link

Perpillou-Thomas, Francoise. Fêtes d’Egypte ptolémaïque et romaine, d’après la documentation papyrologique grecque. (Studia Hellenistica Series 31). Peeters, 1993. (pages 140-144)

Zecchi, Marco. Sobek of Shedet. The crocodile god in the Fayyum in the Dynastic Period. Tau, 2010. (page 129)