Names and Epithets, Sarapis

Epithets of Sarapis

Epithets of Sarapis

Greek and Roman Epithets

  • Conservator Augusti–August Savior
  • Cosmocrator–Sovereign of the Cosmos
  • de Canope-of Canope
  • Epeekos–Who Listens to Prayers
  • Helios–sun god
  • Keraunios–Thunder or Thunderer
  • Pantheus–All God

English Epithets

  • Allocator
  • Beneficent One
  • Curator of Any of the Fleet of Alexandria
  • Glorious Lord
  • Glorious Lord, Sovereign of the Cosmos
  • Great One
  • Greatly Honored
  • Holy Lord
  • Holy Lord, Who Sings Numerous Times, Greatly Honored
  • Invincible
  • Living Eternally
  • Master of the Earth and the Sea
  • Master of the Earth and the Sea and all the Living World
  • Nourisher
  • Savior
  • Solar
  • Sovereign
  • Sovereign of the Cosmos
  • Sovereign of the Universe
  • Very Great
  • Who Listens to Prayers
  • Who operates with Good Courage
  • Who operates healing
  • Who Provides Wealth
  • Who Sings Numerous Times

Syncretizations

  • Helios-Sarapis
  • Keraunios-Helios-Sarapis
  • Osiris-Sarapis
  • Zeus-Sarapis
  • Zeus-Helios-Sarapis
  • Zeus-Helios, Great Sarapis
  • Zeus-Sarapis-Helios

Sources

Bricault, Laurent. Les Cultes Isiaques Dans Le Monde Greco-romain (La Roue a Livres / Documents Book 66). Les Belles Lettres, 2013. (page 295 for Esenchebis)

Britcault, Laurent. “Isis Nepherses” in Egyptian Religion: The Last Thousand Years Part 1. edited by Willy Clarysse, Antoon Schoors and Harco Willems. Peeters, 1998.

Bricault, Laurent. “Du nom des images d’Isis polymorphe.” C. Bonnet, J. Rüpke et P. Scarpi (éd.), Religions orientales-culti misterici. Neue Perspektiven-nouvelles perspectives-prospettive nuove (2006): 75-94.

Bricault, Laurent. Isis, dame des flots. Volume 7 Ægyptiaca Leodiensia. C.I.P.L, 2006. page 13

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

Cyrino, Monica S.  Aphrodite. (Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World Series).  Routledge, 2010.

Donalson, Malcolm Drew. The Cult of Isis in the Roman Empire: Isis Invicta. New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 2003.

Dunand, Francoise. Isis, Mere Des Dieux. Babel Actes Sud, 2008. pages 151 and 154.

Fideler, David R. Alexandria Vol 3: The Journal of Western Cosmological Traditions. (Phanes Press, 1995), 58 and 65.

Witt, Reginald Eldred. Isis in the Ancient World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

 

 

Athena, Frigga, Goddesses, Hera, Hestia, Orisha, Publications, Sarapis, Self-Publishing, Indie Publishing, Indie Author, Writing

Divine Words, Divine Praise is Now Available!

DivineNamesDivinewords ebook
Cover Design by Andrew Meit

My new book is now available for purchase!

Here is a collection of poems about various Goddesses, Orisha and Gods from around the world.

Within Divine Words, Divine Praise, you will find poetry of:

  • Asherah, Lady of the Sea.
  • Athena, the Bright-Eyed.
  • Brighid,Fiery Arrow.
  • Brigantia, Heavenly Queen.
  • Frigga, Queen of Asgard.
  • Hela, Queen of Helheim.
  • Hera, Queen of Olympos.
  • Hestia, Hearth Goddess.
  • Isis, Queen of Heaven and Sarapis, Lord of the Sea
  • Oya, Queen of Wind and Rain.
  • Skadhi,Ski-Goddess and Odin, Lord of Asgard.

Here is the information page: Divine Words, Divine Praise.

Here is the link to the Paperback on Lulu:  Divine Words, Divine Praise

Here is the link to the PDF on Lulu:  Divine Words, Divine Praise

 

Aset, Auset, Isis, Athena, Books, Goddesses, Gods, Hera, Hestia, Isis-Aphrodite, Nebet Het, Nephthys, Oracles, Poems, Poetry,, Polytheism, Publications, Sarapis, Self-Publishing, Indie Publishing, Indie Author, Work-in-Progress, Writing

Updates on Projects

In case you missed it, I have published Magician, Mother and Queen.

I have finished and am preparing to publish another poetry book. The title of this now is Divine Words, Divine Praise:  Poetry of the Holy Powers.  I have sent it in to the formatters.

I have sent in the permissions for Lady of the Sky: Ancient Hymns of the Goddess Aset from the Temple of Dendera.  We’ll see what they say.  I’m still waiting.

I have been compiling all the material for this book She Who Speaks Through Silence:  An Anthology of Nebet Het (Nephthys).  I am still waiting on some submissions. 

I am compiling a compilation of scholarly papers I wrote in Graduate school (and afterward) about various goddesses, Orishas and a saint (Mary); and I have one other essay about women’s healing and talismanry (I know it doesn’t fit, but I have no idea where else I could publish it.  I may take it out and publish it by itself. I’m not sure.).   I’m thinking of making this into another book.  My working title is Holy Lady, Holy Queen:  Papers on the Feminine Divine.

 

 

Ancient Texts, Aset, Auset, Isis, Bibliotheca Alexandria, Books, Calendar, Devotional Practice, Festivals, Hymns, Isidora Forrest, Kiya Nicoll, Nebet Het, Nephthys, Neos Alexandria, Sarapis, Tamara Siuda, Translations

Books, Books and More Books!

Since my book is coming out soon, I thought I’d show you some of the books I used in my research. (Not all of them are here as some I got through the library and I had to return them).  I feel like Twilight Sparkle from My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.  I’m getting all excited (adorkable) over books!

This collection has taken me over 15 years to build.  I just wanted to share this with others in order to share my joy.  I do not have a lot of money.  I buy books new (if it is within my budget), used or on sale.  (Here is an article I wrote about finding books online:  Books and Where to Find Them).  Continue reading “Books, Books and More Books!”

Aset Luminous, Auset Luminous, Isis Luminous, Aset, Auset, Isis, Calendar, Festivals, Heru-sa-Aset, Horus son of Isis, Navigation of Aset, Navigation of Isis, Sarapis

Feasts and Festivals of Aset for March

4 Peret/Parmuthi/March

1 to 8-Feast of Aset
Offer a feast to Aset. Wine, meat and other offerings were offered in antiquity.

1-Feast of Ra and the Eye of Ra
Honor Aset and Ra today. Honor Aset as an Eye of Ra, the protector of the sun god and a solar Goddess.

4 to 21-Aset, Mother of God Gives Birth to Heru-sa-Aset
Honor Aset and Heru-sa-Aset during this festival. Offer cakes and pastries to the Goddess and Her son. Offer Heru-sa-Aset a birthday cake.

5 to 6 of March-Navigation of Aset/Isidis Navigium
Here is my write-up on this festival: Navigation of Aset. This is the date on the Roman calendar for this festival.

9 of March-Adoration of Aset, the very Great Goddess, Sovereign and Savior/Proskynema of Isis
Here is my post about Proskynema: Proskynema

20 of March-Pelusia
Honor the Goddess today with Her son Heru, the Child (Heru-pa-khered/Harpokrates; a form of Heru-sa-Aset). During this festival, Sarapis was also honored along with Isis as both were patrons of the start of the sailing season. Here is the Wikipedia entry on this festival: Pelusia.

20 to 21-Navigation of Aset/Isidis Navigium
Here is my write-up on this festival: Navigation of Aset. This is the date on the ancient Egyptian calendar for this festival.

20 to 23-Festival of Aset
This is a festival recorded by Pausanias. According to him, this festival was about cleaning the temple and shrines as well as giving offerings to the Goddess.

28-Aset Births Heru-sa-Aset/Isis Births Horus the Younger
Honor Aset and Heru-sa-Aset during this festival. Offer cakes and pastries to the Goddess and Her son. Offer Heru-sa-Aset a birthday cake.

29-Dedication Feast of Aset
This may be the Nubian date found on the Temple of Philae for the Navigation of Aset. Here is my post about it: Navigation of Aset

Ancient Texts, Aset, Auset, Isis, Sarapis

Purifications from Megalopolis

No, this is not a post about Superman. Megalopolis was in Arcadia and it had a Temple to Aset (Isis), Sarapis and Anubis. There is a text associated with purity in that temple.

Most of these rules were how long you had to stay away from the temple after certain events and most of them had to do with women.

Obviously, some of these are more feasible to follow today than others.

After childbirth, 9 days
After abortion, 44 days
After menses, 7 days
After sex, clean with water from head to toe, same day.
After bloodshed, 3 days
After eating goats or sheep, 3 days
After eating other foods, clean with water from head to toe, same day.

Source

Bricault, Laurent. Les Cultes Isiaques Dans Le Monde Greco-romain (La Roue a Livres / Documents Book 66). (Les Belles Lettres, 2013), 363-364 and 365-366.

Articles, Aset, Auset, Isis, Devotional Practice, Festivals, Sarapis, Sobek, Sebek

Proskynema for Aset

A proskynema is translated as “adoration” of a deity. On the Temple of Philae pilgrims left notes of when they had done a proskynema to the Goddess Aset. There is even a few papyri fragments which stated that Sarapis and Sobek were offered proskynema in one’s household (1).

Prosykensis
is a Greek word for adoration. These are sacred gestures meant to honor the Gods. These would be hand gestures done for the Hellenic deities or the Egyptian ones such as raising your palms to the sky for the Olympians or to the ground for the Deities or the Underworld or your palms facing the image of a deity. Or this would be a henu or dua gesture for the Egyptian deities as well as full prostration before the holy image or shrine (2).

This may also be in the context of a ritual where words were spoken, a gesture was performed and an offering was given. In some cases, this was every day so the offering would be something easily accessible such as wine or water or fruit or a grain such as bread or barley (3).

There are a few of these festivals that I know of so far. They are also listed on my festivals page here: Aset Festivals.

3 Peret/Pamenot/February
29-Adoration of Aset of the Many Names/Proskynema

4 Peret/Parmuthi/March
9 of March-Adoration of Aset, the very Great Goddess, Sovereign and Savior/Proskynema

In the descriptions of these events we have some epithets of the Goddess Aset. In one of them Aset is of the Many Names and this describes Her as a Goddess of many names and forms and epithets. You could honor Aset as a shapeshifter or recite a hymn with Her many epithets or aspects or forms mentioned like chapter 142 of the Book of the Dead or if you are more Classically inclined one of the Aretalogies.

In the next one Aset is honored as Aset, the very Great Goddess, Sovereign and Savior. Here She is described as supreme Goddess who is a Sovereign Queen and one who is a savior to Her people. She aids those who call upon Her. So you could honor Aset as a Great Lady with immense power and sovereignty. She is the one who saves those who call upon Her. She is the savior Goddess par excellence.

She did not stop searching for Her husband and She never stopped caring for Her son. And Her son stands in for everyone. Think about that a minute. She will aid and protect you as fiercely and as compassionately as She would Her son Heru. She is the single Mother who cares for millions.

Adoration to Aset. Homage to Aset.

May I bow before You in adoration and praise.

Sources

(1) Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. (Nysa Press, 2009), 39-40.

(2) Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. (Nysa Press, 2009), 141-142.

(3) Lewis, H. Jeremiah. The Balance of the Two Lands: Writings on Greco-Egyptian Polytheism. (Nysa Press, 2009), 39-40.

Calendar, Festivals, Mysteries of Wesir, Mysteries of Osiris, Sarapis, Wesir, Asar, Ausar, Osiris

Festivals of Serapis

The god Serapis is a syncretic deity comprised of Wesir/Osiris and Apis; he also gained attributes from Greek deities such as Hades and Zeus. He became the consort of Isis within the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. To read more about Serapis here is the Wikipedia entry: Serapis.

Festivals to Serapis were called Serapia or Serapieia. During these festivals, Serapis (along with Isis in some cases) was honored with libations, sacrifices and offerings. There is mention of one festival in Alexandria including a procession with torches in his honor. I included some Osirian festivals in the list since the Perpillou-Thomas’s book did the same.

The Egyptian and Classical dates for these festivals are listed below. The Egyptian ones have the number of the days corresponding to the Egyptian month on the calendar and the Classical ones have the Julian dates associated with them. l

I also began my New Year in August. If one begins the New Year in a later month, then Pachons isn’t going to be in April.

Some dates for these festivals are:

3rd Akhet/Hethara/October
17 to 20-Festival of Aset, with the Beautiful Throne (Isis Nepherses)

4th Akhet/Koiak/November
26-Festival of Serapis/Serapia
24 to 29-Mysteries of Wesir

4 Peret/Parmuthi/March
30-Festival of Serapis/Serapia

1 Shomu/Pachons/April
7-Festival of Serapis/Serapia
10-Festival of Serapis/Serapia
mid-Month of April-Festival of Serapis/Serapia
mid-Month of Pachons-Festival of Serapis/Serapia
25 of April-Festival of Serapis/Serapia

Extra Day 1-Birthday of Wesir/Osiris

Sources

Bricault, Laurent. Les Cultes Isiaques Dans Le Monde Greco-romain (La Roue a Livres / Documents Book 66). Les Belles Lettres, 2013. pages 371-375.

Capron, Laurent. “Déclarations fiscales du Temple de Soknopaiou Nêsos: éléments nouveaux,” in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. Bd. 165, Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH, Bonn (Germany). (2008), pp. 133-160.

Perpillou-Thomas, Francoise. Fêtes d’Egypte ptolémaïque et romaine, d’après la documentation papyrologique grecque. (Studia Hellenistica Series 31). Peeters Publishers, 1993. pages 129-136.